States Lead on Toxic Chemical Reform While Congress Lags
A first-ever analysis of votes on state laws aimed at protecting the public from toxic chemicals found that 18 states have passed 71 chemical safety laws in the last eight years by an overwhelming margin with broad bipartisan support. According to the report released today, of more than 9,000 votes cast by state legislators, 73% of Republicans and 99% of Democrats favored stronger protection of children’s health and the environment from dangerous chemicals, with equal support from governors of each party. The report found that the pace of state policymaking on chemicals has more than tripled in eight years.
New York State’s JustGreen Partnership joined with two national health-based coalitions, SAFER States and Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families, to release the new report – Healthy States: Protecting Families from Toxic Chemicals While Congress Lags Behind. The report release marks the failure of the 111th Congress to pass pending legislation to overhaul the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 (TSCA) in the face of relentless, well-funded opposition from the chemical industry.
“The states are driven by the growing evidence of chemical harm, strong public outcry and the failure of Congress to act,” said Kathy Curtis, Policy Director of Clean New York, which campaigned along with other JustGreen Partners to pass four chemical laws in New York State, including a law to ban BPA in baby bottles and sippy cups that goes into effect on December 1. “More states will pass more laws to restrict toxic chemicals until Congress fixes our broken federal safety system.”
“The communities most burdened by a legacy of toxic chemicals - like Harlem and Buffalo in New York State – have been unable to find protection from federal laws and are forced to turn to the states for protection from the most toxic chemicals,” said Cecil Corbin-Mark, Deputy Director of WEACT for Environmental Justice. “This report highlights the success that organizing in states across the country has had ensuring that the most vulnerable are actually protected.”
"Incumbents and newly elected members of Congress should not interpret voters' restive mood as a red light when it comes to getting toxic chemicals out of products and the environment," said NYPIRG Legislative Counsel Russ Haven. "Red and blue states, donkeys, elephants and independents in statehouses across the nation have enacted tough chemical policy laws. It would be a serious mistake for the next Congress to ignore the growing body of science and the public's desire to be protected from toxic chemicals by failing to act on chemical policy reform."
“The next Congress should recognize the urgent need and bipartisan support for chemical policy reform,” said Andy Igrejas, Campaign Director of the Safer Chemicals Healthy Families coalition. “If the chemical industry wants a more predictable regulatory environment and restored consumer confidence, they should come to the table in support of meaningful, commonsense federal reform.”
“The states will continue to respond to public demand for safer products that won’t harm their family’s health,” said Sarah Doll, National Coordinator of SAFER States. “We expect to see legislation to restrict toxic chemicals in products proposed in as many as 25 states next year.”
A growing body of new scientific research links toxic chemical exposures in early life to some of the most serious public health threats of our time, such as increased risks of breast and prostate cancer, infertility, and learning and developmental disabilities. A recent poll conducted by The Mellman Group found that 78% of Americans are seriously concerned about the threat to children’s health from toxic chemicals in day-to-day life. Heeding the aggressive opposition of chemical industry lobbyists rather than the support of the American electorate, Congress failed to pass TSCA reform legislation three times in last six years.
The 111th Congress will soon come to a close without taking action on the currently pending TSCA reform legislation – H.R. 5820, the Toxic Chemicals Safety Act introduced by Reps. Bobby Rush (D-IL) and Henry Waxman (D-CA), and S. 3209, the Safe Chemicals Act of 2010, sponsored by Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ).
Highlights of Findings from the Healthy States Report:
Increasingly, the states have passed new laws to phase out chemicals that threaten children’s health and restrict toxic chemicals in consumer products. In the last eight years, both the number of state chemical laws and the number of states passing toxic chemical reforms have tripled.
State lawmakers passed tough laws on toxic chemicals with an overwhelming margin of support. More than 8,000 (or 89%) of the more than 9,000 roll-call votes cast by state legislators favored tighter toxic chemical regulation, a margin of support greater than 8–1.
Tough state laws on toxic chemicals also received broad bipartisan support. Of the votes cast, about 99% of Democrats and 73% of Republicans favored stronger protections of children’s health and the environment from dangerous chemicals, with equal support from governors of each party.
State laws targeting specific chemicals and products that threaten children’s health received the greatest attention and support. Sixty-six laws banned bisphenol A (BPA) in baby and toddler products (with 98% support), phased out toxic flame retardants (PBDEs) in home products (93%), reduced children’s exposure from common products containing lead (88%) and cadmium (86%), and promoted green cleaning (88%).
State legislators strongly supported recent state laws that create new programs for broad regulation of toxic chemicals. Five comprehensive chemical policy reform laws passed in four states in the last three years—with the support of 84% of all votes cast, including a majority of Republicans (57%)—and were signed by governors from both parties in California, Maine, Minnesota, and Washington State.
The policy actions taken by the states advance many of the same chemical policy reforms proposed in Congress. Both the new state chemical laws and proposed federal legislation (H.R. 5820 and S. 3209) require manufacturers to provide information on chemicals, mandate quick action on the most dangerous chemicals, and promote safer alternatives and greener chemistry.
Quotes from the Report on State Chemical Policy Reform:
“Voting against this bill is like voting against brakes on a school bus,” said Bob Sump, Washington State Representative (R), House floor speech on final passage of the Children’s Safe Products Act, February 18, 2008
“As a cancer survivor, I know first-hand the physical, emotional and financial toll these deadly diseases can take on families across the state . . . I support the Kid-Safe Products Act because it will help prevent these devastating diseases — and that’s good for our families and our pocketbooks,” wrote Meredith Strang Burgess, Maine State Representative (R), from a civic engagement mailer by the Alliance for a Clean and Healthy Maine, 2010
“I’m pleased the Connecticut Legislature has worked in a bipartisan way to pass laws that provide necessary and timely solutions to the problems of toxic chemicals in our daily environment.”John McKinney, Republican Minority Leader, Connecticut State Senate, October 2010